Removal of discolorations
When should you think about removing discolorations?
When we notice brownish spots (from light to dark brown) appearing most often on the skin of the face – near the forehead, cheeks, beard or the mouth area. The treatment is also recommended when the presence of hyperpigmentation makes it difficult or even impossible to make aesthetic makeup and causes psychological discomfort.
What may be the cause of discoloration on the face?
The most common discolorations result from the penetration of UV rays through the epidermis which stimulates the functioning of skin pigmentation cells (melanocytes). Excessive exposure to the sun may cause some of these melanocytes to undergo permanent disturbances and begin to secrete unchanged, significant amounts of melanin. Local accumulation of excessive amounts of melanin leads to the formation of small, round and flat spots on the skin – from light to dark brown appearing primarily on the skin of the face – around the forehead, cheeks, chin or lips.
It should be pointed out that the aging of our cells increases the risk of hyperpigmentation.
It is assumed that other supporting factors include:
- hormonal factors (pregnancy),
- taking hormonal preparations (oral contraception, hormone replacement therapy),
- light-sensitizing drugs,
- some cosmetics.
Goals of treatment
First, the aim of treatment is to assess the structure of the skin lesion. The specialist doctor performs a dermatoscope for this purpose, which allows you to find (without taking tissue sections) whether the change is dangerous or not.
After excluding any serious diseases, the treatment takes the form of treatment aimed at:
- unification of color, lightening of the skin and antioxidant effect,
- inhibition of tyrosinase, a key enzyme involved in the formation of melanin,
- exfoliation of discoloration and removal of cells with accumulated melanin.