Removal of discolorations
When is it worth thinking about reducing discoloration?
Cumbersome, and sometimes even impossible to hide brown discolorations on the skin – especially in the face, is a problem known to many people. Apart from the issue of making aesthetic make-up, discoloration is often a source of psychological discomfort and the cause of loss of self-confidence.
What could be the cause of discoloration?
The stimulation of skin pigment cells – so-called melanocytes – occurs due to UV radiation. Excessive insolation of these cells may lead to disturbances in their functioning, which in turn is associated with excessive production of melanin. Spot accumulation of too much of this substance in one place causes the formation of spots preserved in various shades of brown. They are most often visible around the forehead, cheeks, chin and lips. With the passage of time and the progressive aging process, the skin becomes more and more exposed to such changes. The formation of spots can also be caused by, for example, hormonal changes (most often during pregnancy), the use of hormonal preparations or photosensitizing medicines. In addition, discoloration can sometimes also appear after the use of some cosmetics.
The goals of treating discolorations
The initial stage of treatment is diagnostic. Dermatoscope examination allows you to learn the specificity of change. The doctor assesses whether the discoloration is not associated with serious diseases (eg cancer). If so – immediately directs to the appropriate specialist. If, on the other hand, there are no contraindications to the therapy, he / she commences treatment. It aims to:
- improve the skin tone and antioxidation,
- slow down the enzyme tyrosinase that is largely responsible for the production of melanin,
- eliminate cells with too much melanin.